Today, we will learn about the causes and symptoms of swelling of legs and feet, and various solutions. Edema is one of the important physiological phenomena controlled by our body’s efforts. However, sometimes this swelling can become problematic if it becomes excessive or persists for a long time. Therefore, understanding and management of edema is an important topic.
What is edema?
Edema usually occurs when fluid from the cones builds up in the body’s tissues or organs. This causes the area to become swollen and swollen, often accompanied by pain or discomfort. Swelling of the legs and feet usually occurs when there is a problem with blood circulation in the lower extremities.
<Main causes of leg and foot swelling>
Varicose vein disease
Varicose veins disease mainly occurs when there is a problem with the veins or blood vessels of the legs. These diseases cause abnormalities in blood flow, preventing blood from circulating normally. Varicose veins are generally caused by damage to the blood vessel walls, swelling, and damage to the expansion plates within the blood vessels, which prevents blood from flowing effectively throughout the body and stagnates, causing fluid to accumulate in the legs and feet. This edema occurs when fluid accumulates under the skin, causing the area to become swollen and swollen, often accompanied by pain and discomfort.
Heart disease can often cause swelling in the legs and feet by preventing it from pumping blood effectively or putting strain on the lungs. This condition occurs when the heart does not function properly and blood cannot circulate effectively throughout the body and stagnates, causing fluid to accumulate in the legs and feet. Heart disease is also one of the main causes of edema because it prevents the blood from delivering adequate oxygen and nutrients to tissues and cells.
The kidneys are responsible for regulating and normally processing the body’s bones and bone material. However, when kidney function is impaired, this regulatory function is also impaired. This causes a buildup of sodium and other boneless substances in the body, increasing the boneless concentration in the blood and increasing the total volume of the blood. As a result, blood may leak out of the blood vessels, causing fluid buildup and swelling in the legs and feet.
The lymphatic system plays an important role in regulating our body’s fluid balance and removing waste from the body. This system consists of lymph vessels and lymph nodes and regulates skeletal fluid and skeletal material to maintain the body’s environment. However, when problems occur with the function of the lymphatic system, a condition called lymphatic insufficiency occurs. Lymphatic insufficiency refers to a condition in which the lymphatic system fails to properly drain the tooth root and fluid accumulates, which can lead to excessive fluid accumulation in the leg and foot areas, causing swelling.
Trauma and sprains
Swelling may occur due to an injury to the leg or foot. If blood vessels become damaged or inflamed due to a sprain or trauma, swelling of surrounding tissues may occur.
<Main symptoms of edema>
Edema can present with a variety of symptoms. The main symptoms are:
Swelling of legs and feet
Swelling of the legs and feet is a common symptom and may cause the area to look abnormally swollen and swollen. When edema occurs, the skin swells and its absorption capacity decreases, which can reduce the hardening and whitening of the skin. This means that the surface of your skin may appear dull and enlarged. This occurs when fluid accumulates under the skin due to edema, causing the area of the leg or foot to become abnormally large.
Pain or discomfort
Swollen legs and feet can cause cramps, pain, or discomfort in the swollen area. These symptoms can often appear without an obvious cause because the swelling itself puts pressure on surrounding tissues and reduces blood circulation. Pain in the swollen area can be mild or sometimes severe, depending on the degree of swelling and the individual’s sensitivity.
Swelling of the legs and feet often causes the skin in those areas to become red or sensitive. Edema is a phenomenon in which fluid accumulates under the skin, increasing fluid and impairing blood circulation, which can cause redness or flushing around the skin. Sensitive skin may cause itching or tingling, and the skin may become sticky or rough, making the skin in the swollen area more sensitive than it should be.
Inconveniences in daily life
Swelling of the legs and feet often limits movement and can cause discomfort in daily life. Edema can cause your legs and feet to become swollen and heavy, making it difficult to walk or move. Simple daily activities may become difficult, including going up and down stairs, standing for long periods of time, or even putting on shoes.
<How to solve leg and foot swelling>
Swollen legs and feet can be uncomfortable and painful, and may also be a sign of a serious underlying cause. In this article, we will take a closer look at various ways to deal with leg and foot swelling. It will help you effectively manage swelling and get on the path to healthy legs.
1. Use compression stockings and leg restraints
Compression stockings and leg restraints are effective tools for managing leg and foot swelling. These devices can help apply pressure to your legs to improve circulation and reduce swelling. It is important to use it correctly under the guidance of a healthcare professional.
2. Drug treatment
You may receive medication as prescribed by a medical professional. Different types of medications are used to relieve and manage leg and foot swelling.
Diuretics are drugs that help excrete water and salt from the body and are effective in relieving swelling.
Anticoagulants can help prevent blood clots from forming, improving circulation and reducing swelling.
Blood thinners thin the blood to prevent blood clots and improve blood circulation.
3. Physical therapy and exercise
Physical therapy and exercise play an important role in managing leg and foot swelling. You may consider the following exercises and treatments under the guidance of a professional physical therapist:
Perform leg exercises to strengthen your muscles and improve blood circulation. This helps reduce swelling and build leg strength.
Get physical therapy sessions with a professional physical therapist. Physical therapy can help relieve swelling and improve leg function.
4. Leg height adjustment
To manage leg and foot swelling, elevate your legs using a soft cushion or pillow. Elevating your legs can help gravity move fluid more easily and reduce swelling.
5. Drink water without worrying about it
Drink plenty of water to relieve swelling. Drinking enough water can help dilute the bone in your body, aiding blood circulation and relieving swelling.
6. Choosing clothes and shoes
To manage leg and foot swelling, choose comfortable, loose-fitting clothing and shoes. Be careful not to put pressure on the swollen area.
7. Weight management
Weight management plays a big role in managing leg and foot swelling. If your weight is higher than normal, lose weight to improve circulation and reduce swelling.
8. Advice from a medical professional
It is important to seek advice from a medical professional as swelling can develop into a serious problem. Professionals such as doctors, physical therapists and nutritionists can provide essential information and guidance on managing and treating edema.
Leg and foot swelling requires a variety of management and treatment options depending on the symptoms and cause. It is important to consult with a medical professional to find an appropriate solution for each individual’s situation and find the path to healthy legs. Properly managing edema will not only help you enjoy a comfortable daily life, but will also benefit your future health.