Do you know about the symptoms of myocardial infarction? Didn’t you think lightly, saying, ‘It’s not me’? Myocardial infarction can strike anyone and can lead to death in an instant. It is important for us to develop habits that we can easily do in our daily lives to prevent myocardial infarction.
Causes and Symptoms of Myocardial Infarction
The most common cause of myocardial infarction is atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis occurs when fat or cholesterol accumulates on the walls of blood vessels, narrowing them and impeding blood flow. Other factors such as hypertension, diabetes, smoking, obesity, and stress can also contribute to myocardial infarction.
Typically, symptoms include chest pain, which is often felt as chest pressure, tightness, or discomfort. The pain can also radiate to the arms, shoulders, neck, or back. Additionally, symptoms like shortness of breath, dizziness, headaches, and nausea can accompany chest pain. If these symptoms occur, it’s important to contact medical professionals immediately and seek emergency treatment.
Prodromal Symptoms of Myocardial Infarction
- Chest Pain
Commonly presents as chest pressure, tightness, or discomfort and can often radiate to the arms, shoulders, neck, or back.
- Shortness of Breath
Feeling difficulty in breathing or experiencing pain while breathing.
Feeling dizzy when standing up or moving, or experiencing dizziness due to orthostatic hypotension.
Sudden onset of fatigue or feeling more tired than usual.
Sudden feelings of anxiety can make the heartbeat sound more pronounced.
Feeling a burning sensation or nausea in the upper abdomen or chest.
Lifestyle Habits for Preventing Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial infarction is a preventable condition. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, quitting smoking, engaging in regular exercise, and adopting a healthy diet are crucial.
- Healthy Diet
Maintaining a healthy diet is important for preventing myocardial infarction. Avoid foods high in unhealthy fats and cholesterol, and opt for foods rich in dietary fiber like fruits, vegetables, and sweet potatoes. Excessive alcohol consumption and high sodium intake should also be avoided.
- Regular Exercise
Regular exercise is highly effective in preventing myocardial infarction. Exercise promotes blood circulation, helps prevent atherosclerosis, aids in weight loss, and regulates blood sugar. However, it’s recommended to consult a doctor before starting an exercise regimen to avoid sudden cardiac strain.
- Smoking Cessation
Smoking negatively impacts blood circulation and can contribute to atherosclerosis. Quitting smoking is therefore crucial for preventing myocardial infarction.
- Stress Management
- Adequate rest and sleep are necessary for reducing stress. Activities like yoga and meditation can also help in achieving mental stability.
- Health Checkups
Regular health checkups are vital for preventing myocardial infarction. Monitoring blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar can help identify underlying conditions and facilitate early detection and treatment.
Treatment of Myocardial Infarction
- Acute Myocardial Infarction Treatment
For acute myocardial infarction, immediate emergency treatment is essential. This can include administering thrombolytics or anticoagulants to dissolve blood clots, or performing angioplasty with stent placement to expand the narrowed coronary artery.
- Chronic Myocardial Infarction Treatment
Chronic myocardial infarction is managed through medication and lifestyle improvements. Medications may include antihypertensive drugs, cholesterol-lowering agents, and antiplatelet medications. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, engaging in regular exercise, quitting smoking, and adopting a healthy diet remain important.
- Cardiac Rehabilitation
If heart function is compromised due to myocardial infarction, cardiac rehabilitation is necessary. This involves exercises to enhance endurance, respiratory function, and muscle strength, aiding in the recovery of both physical fitness and heart function.
Myocardial infarction can be prevented before its onset and requires proactive treatment and management after occurrence. Therefore, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and undergoing regular checkups are crucial.